Brazil and the Sustainable Development
The discussions on sustainable development held in multilateral
fora bear great relevance to the formulation of national policies and count on the engagement of civil society. Brazil plays a role of growing importance in this debate not only because of recent domestic advances in environmental, social and economic areas, but also because of its consistent performance in international fora.
Brazil has hosted the two most important international conferences on sustainability in history: the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (1992 Earth Summit) and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20).
The 1992 Earth Summit consolidated the concept of sustainable development as the simultaneous and balanced promotion of environmental protection, social inclusion and economic growth. At that conference, Brazil took an ambitious stance in the discussions and had a decisive role in approving key documents, such as the Agenda 21, The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, The Statement of Forest Principles and the Conventions on Biological Diversity, Climate Change and Desertification.