Negotiations that led to the adoption, in September 2015
of the Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) were concluded in August 2015, on the occasion of the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit. A process initiated in 2013, in line with the Rio+20 Conference mandate, the SDGs will guide national policies and international cooperation activities over the next fifteen years for follow-up and review of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Brazil has taken part in all intergovernmental negotiations. The agreed proposal contains 17 goals and 169 targets, covering a broad range of issues, including poverty eradication, food security and agriculture, health, education, gender equality, water and sanitation, energy, sustainable economic growth, infrastructure, reduced inequalities, sustainable cities, sustainable consumption and production patterns, climate change, protection and sustainable use of the oceans and terrestrial ecosystems, peaceful, just and inclusive societies and means of implementation.
Brazil has played a fundamental role in the implementation of the MDGs and has shown great commitment in the SDGs process. Brazil has an important role to play in the promotion of the 2030 Agenda as it hosted the first Conference on the Environment and Development (1992 Earth Summit) and the Rio+ 20 Conference in 2012. Brazilian innovations in the field of public policies are also regarded as contributions to the integration of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development.
The national coordination centered on the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs negotiations resulted in the document "Guiding Elements of the Brazilian Position" based on seminars with representatives of civil society, on workshops with representatives of municipal entities organized by the Secretariat of Institutional Relations of the Presidency and by the Ministry of Cities; and on deliberations of the 2030 Agenda Interministerial Working Group, which gathered 27 ministries and bodies of the federal public administration.
The previous experience of national coordination led to the creation in 2016 of the National Commission for the Sustainable Development Goals, a mechanism for national coordination and domestic monitoring of the 2030 Agenda, and for alignment between national public policies and the SDGs. It is a colegial body, of an advisory nature, for coordination, mobilization and dialogue between federal entities, civil society and the private sector, consisting of eight government representatives and eight representatives from civil society and the private sector.