The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), which took place in 2012, was one of the biggest events in the history of the UN, with the participation of 193 delegations in addition to representatives of civil society. The broad dialogue with Brazilian society began at the preparatory process for the event through the National Commission for Rio+20, which held consultations with various domestic stakeholders aiming at the adoption of a cohesive Brazilian position at the Conference.
Brazil's performance as head of the event contributed to the balanced result of the outcome document "The Future We Want", meeting the aspirations of both developed and developing countries. The States' commitment to eradicate extreme poverty is one of the main outcomes of the Conference. Other highlights include the launch of an intergovernmental process to develop a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the creation of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development and the incentive to strengthen the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).