Technical cooperation initiatives are tools to foster development,
promoting human and institutional capacities and structural changes in the socioeconomic reality of the countries to which they are intended. The transfer or sharing of knowledge, experiences and good practices between governments – bilaterally or through international organizations – on a noncommercial basis are examples of technical cooperation activities.
The technical cooperation activities undertaken by the Brazilian Government are negotiated, coordinated, implemented and monitored by the Brazilian Cooperation Agency under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The cooperation provided by Brazil enhances our bilateral relations with many developing countries and contributes to projecting Brazil as a supportive country, engaged in overcoming underdevelopment.
Cooperation provided by Brazil
ABC's work is guided by both Brazil's foreign policy and development priorities, defined in sectorial government programs. Cooperation with developing countries contributes to consolidating the autonomy of partner countries by promoting sustainable growth to ensure social inclusion and respect for the environment. In the last two decades, the cooperation provided by Brazil occurred in about 7000 projects that met the demands of over 100 developing countries, mobilizing nearly two hundred national public institutions.
The Brazilian technical cooperation projects have focused primarily on Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean – distributed equitably between the two regions – and has also kept initiatives in Asia and Oceania (particularly in East Timor). The sectors in which there is a greater volume of exchange are agriculture, health, education, environment, and public administration.
Due to their innovative and successful experiences in several areas of public policy, many Brazilian institutions have been increasingly contacted by foreign governments and international organizations interested in learning about their projects – related to regional integration, social development, poverty mitigation , agriculture and gender equality, for example.
Technical cooperation provided by Brazil to developing (South-South) countries relies on the capacity of specialized national institutions, without need for the mobilization of significant financial resources. It is built from a specific local demand, emphasizes appropriation of results by local institutions and is developed without conditionality – that is to say, without any counterpart.
Cooperation received by Brazil
Brazil receives technical cooperation provided by other countries or international organizations, in order to gain access to knowledge and practices not yet dominated by Brazilian institutions – especially in areas such as social development, sustainable development and effectiveness of public administration. Under the current level of Brazil's economic development, most cooperation projects received are financed by national institutions.
Brazil is also engaged in trilateral technical cooperation initiatives – those implemented for the benefit of developing countries and in conjunction with traditional donor countries and international organizations. Currently, ABC coordinates, on behalf of the Brazilian government, projects of this type in partnership with countries in Asia, North America and Europe. The agenda of the cooperation in conjunction with the UN system agencies and Latin American regional organizations has broadened.
Decentralized cooperation and participation of civil society
International cooperation with Brazilian states and municipalities – "decentralized cooperation" – has become increasingly common. Through ABC, the federal government maintains regular contacts with federate entities, aiming to create instruments that, in accordance with the Federal Constitution, support this type of cooperation, facilitating dialogue and exchange of information.
The Brazilian government has also dedicated itself to establishing mechanisms aimed at the participation of civil society organizations and the academic community in international cooperation actions.