State of Qatar
Brazil and Qatar established diplomatic relations in 1974, three years after the Qatari independence. Brazil was represented by its ambassador in Jeddah (1974-1983) and in Abu Dhabi (since 1983), and Qatar was represented by its permanent representative to the United Nations, in New York. In April 2005, Brazil opened its resident embassy in Doha, and the Qatari resident embassy in Brazil was reopened in June 2007.
Bilateral political relations have markedly improved since then, as evidenced by the considerable increase in the number of official high-level visits from both sides. In 2010, emir Hamad Al Thani visited Brazil in January and received president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Doha, in May. In December 2011, vice president Michel Temer traveled to Doha to attend the 4th Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations. In November 2014, president Dilma Rousseff visited Qatar. The Brazilian foreign minister visited Doha in 2005, 2008 (Conference on Financing for Development) and 2011. In 2018, the Brazilian ministers of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply and of Defense visited Qatar.
In November 2011, the Brazil-Qatar Political Consultations Meetings was held in Brasília.
Bilateral relations have also shown a potential for growth in the economic field. In this sense, bilateral trade has expanded significantly since 2000, growing from 27 million dollars to 866 million dollars in 2017.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1974 – Brazil and Qatar establish diplomatic relations (May 20). The embassy of Brazil in the State of Qatar was created, in concurrence to the embassy in Jeddah (Decree n. 74.148, 6.5.1974)
1983 – The diplomatic mission of Brazil in Qatar becomes concurrent to the embassy in Abu Dhabi (Decree 88.935, 10.31.1983)
1994 – The foreign minister of Qatar, Sheik Hamad Jassen bin Jaber Al Thani visits Brazil. An agreement on the opening of the resident embassies in Doha and in Brasília is reached
1994 – Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism Élcio Álvares visits Qatar (December)
1997 – Qatar opens its resident embassy in Brasília
1999 – Qatar closes its embassy in Brasília as a result of the lack of reciprocity from the Brazilian side.
2005 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim visits Doha, when he gives delivers an invitation to the Emir of Qatar to participate on attend the Summit of ASPA and announces the opening of the resident Embassy of Brazil in Doha (February)
2005 – The embassy of Brazil in Doha is created (Decree n. 5409, 4.4.2005) and opened (May)
2007 – The embassy of Qatar in Brasília is reopened (June)
2008 – Foreign Minister Celso Amorim meets with prime minister and foreign minister of Qatar, Sheik Hamad bin Jaber Al Thani, in Doha, on the sidelines of the Conference of Financing for Development
2009 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva meets with Emir Hamad Bin Khalifa al Thani, in Doha, at the margins of the 2nd Summit of ASPA (March)
2010 – Official visit to Brazil of Emir Hamad Bin Khalifa al Thani, accompanied by Prime Minister Hamad Bin Khalifa Bin Jaber al Thani (January)
2010 – State Visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to Qatar (May)
2010 – The royal Consort, Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser Al Missned, travels to Rio de Janeiro to attend the Third Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations and is hosted by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (May 27-29)
2010 – Qatar Airways launches direct flights between the two countries (June 24)
2010 – The minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, Miguel Jorge, goes on a trade mission to Qatar accompanied by a delegation of more than 100 Brazilian entrepreneurs (December)
2011 – Sheik Abdullah Bin Khalifa al Thani represents the Emir of Qatar at the Inauguration Ceremony of President Dilma Rousseff, as special envoy (January)
2011 – First Brazil-Qatar Political Consultations Meeting is held in Brasília (November 8)
2011 – Vice President Michel Temer attends the Fourth Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations, in Doha (December)
2012 – Deputy Foreign Minister of Qatar Khalid al Attiyah visits Brasília and is received by Vice-President Michel Temer (February 2)
2013 – Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota meets with deputy Foreign Minister Khalid Al Attiyah on the sidelines of the Fifth Forum of the Alliance of Civilizations, in Vienna (February)
2013 – The Brazil-Qatar Parliamentary Group (currently inactive) is created within the framework of the National Congress (October)
2013 – The minister of Social Security, Tereza Campello, and the minister of Social Welfare, Garibaldi Alves Filho, attend the World Social Security Forum in Doha (November)
2014 – The governor of the Federal District, Agnelo Queiroz, visits Qatar accompanied by a delegation, and is hosted by prime minister Sheik Abdullah bin Nasser Al Thani. On the occasion, the Treaty of Brotherhood between Brasília and Doha is signed (February)
2014 – The minister of Sports, Aldo Rebelo, attends the Doha Goals International Forum (November)
2014 – President Dilma Rousseff makes an official visit to Qatar (November)
2015 – The minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, Celso Pansera, makes an official visit to Qatar and attends the World Innovation Summit for Education – WISE (November)
2016 – Sheik Joaan, brother of the Emir and president of the Qatari Olympic Committee, visits Rio de Janeiro during the 2016 Olympic Games.
2017 – Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply, Blairo Maggi, visits Qatar (May)
2017 – Minister of Defense, Raul Jungmann, visits Qatar (December)