Republic of El Salvador
Brazil has maintained stable and amicable diplomatic relations with El Salvador since 1906. This relationship has strengthened over the past decade through high-level visits and increased technical cooperation, which has become the main theme on the bilateral agenda. Salvadoran authorities have recognized the positive impact of the bilateral and trilateral technical cooperation programs implemented with Brazil.
In April 2017, the Ninth Meeting of the Technical Cooperation Working Group was held in San Salvador, occasion when new health, agriculture and social development projects were launched.
The visit of Foreign Affairs minister Hugo Martínez to Brazil in October 2017 marked a new phase of the bilateral relations and the full resumption of the dialogue between Brazil and El Salvador. On that occasion, the two countries signed agreements for the creation of a bilateral political consultations mechanism, the cooperation between diplomatic academies of the two countries and the establishment of defense cooperation.
El Salvador pursues a universal foreign policy with emphasis on regional integration. Within this context, the Salvadoran Government has expressed its aim to contribute to the strengthening of ties between Brazil and the Central American Integration System (SICA) and for the advancement the SICA-Mercosur dialogue.
In 2008, trade between Brazil and El Salvador hit a peak record of $ 252.83 million. Since then, it has lost momentum, totaling $ 125.20 million in 2017. Traditionally, Brazil has had a favorable trade balance with El Salvador, with a surplus of $ 115.2 million in 2017. Brazilian exports totaled $ 120 million in 2017, accounting for a growth of 37.28% over 2016. Imports fell by 14.65% over 2016, totaling $ 5 million.
Chronology of Bilateral Relations
1906 – President Alfonso Pena signs a Decree creating the Legations of Brazil in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, as well as the Legation of Cuba, concurrent to El Salvador
1953 – The Legation in El Salvador is elevated to Embassy status
2008 – President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva makes two visits to El Salvador. He is the first Brazilian Head of the State to visit that country
2009 – President Mauricio Funes visits Brazil
2010 – Brasil-El Salvador Business Seminar (São Paulo, August 9)
2017 – Announcement of the adoption of the Japanese-Brazilian digital television standard by El Salvador. Ninth meeting of the Working Group on Technical Cooperation between Brazil and El Salvador (April)