Republic of Colombia
Relations between Brazil and Colombia have been strengthened in the last decade. Colombia, which is among the three largest economies in South America, is an important destination for Brazilian investments. Around 50 Brazilian enterprises have established themselves in Colombia, with business activities in strategic sectors, such as iron and steel industry, infrastructure, oil and mining, finance, telecommunications, information technology, as well as food and beverage. Brazilian companies estimate the stock of Brazilian investments in in Colombia in more than $ 6 billion. The volume of Brazilian investments in Colombia is a sign of the confidence of our private sector in the potential of our neighboring country.
Bilateral trade reflects the recent rapprochement between the two countries: from 2005 to 2014, trade flows between Brazil and Colombia grew 165% – from US$ 1.5 billion, to US$ 4.1 billion. The list of Brazilian exports to Colombia is diversified and comprises especially manufactured products. Over the first eight months of 2015, manufactured products accounted for more than 92% of the exports to Colombia. In the same period, the twenty products with higher value on the list correspond to just over 33% of the total exports. In 2015, the main products Brazil exported to Colombia were propene (chemical input), inputs for preparation of beverages, automobiles, heavy motor vehicle chassis, tires for buses or trucks, turbines and waterwheels, semi manufactured iron products, AC generators, combustion engines and parts of turbojet engines.
The trade potential yet to be exploited is, however, great. Although it is the third largest economy in the region, Colombia was, in 2014, just the seventh trading partner of Brazil in South America. Brazil has been negotiating initiatives with the neighboring country initiatives aiming to facilitate the exploitation of the full potential of bilateral trade in goods, services and investments.
From the political point of view, there are several fora to address issues of mutual interest. Ministers of Foreign Affairs meet periodically in the Bilateral Commission. Border issues are an important dimension of bilateral relations, which are addressed within the Neighborhood Commission. This Commission has specific Working Groups to discuss Environmental, Health, Indigenous issues and Navigability of the Rivers.
Brazil supports the peace process between the Colombian Government and the FARC, currently underway in Havana, and believes that its successful conclusion will be an important political advance for the region. As an effective contribution to the peace process, Brazil has strengthened the bilateral cooperation it provides to Colombia in the field of rural development. The agrarian issue is one of the main topics of negotiations between the Colombian Government and the FARC, because it is among the structural causes of the conflict. The Brazilian contribution is focused mainly on transferring social technology through the Food Acquisition Program, which has as its main goals the strengthening of family agriculture and the promotion of access to safe and nutritious food by those in a situation of food insecurity. Another important Brazilian initiative in support of the peace process, also related to the post-conflict field, has been the participation of Brazilian military, over several years, in the Colombian humanitarian demining efforts.
Chronology of bilateral relations
1907 – Treaty of Boundaries between Brazil and Colombia, using as a basis for demarcation, among others, the Tabatinga–Apapóris line
1925 – Minutes of Washington, between Brazil, Colombia and Peru, which ensures the recognition of the Tabatinga-Apapóris line as the border between Brazil and Colombia
1972 – Basic Technical Cooperation Agreement between Brazil and Colombia
1981 – Visit of President Figueiredo to Colombia (the first visit by a Head of State from Brazil to Colombia)
1981 – Visit of the President of Colombia, Julio Cesar Turbay Ayala, to Brazil
2003 – Visit of the Colombian President, Álvaro Uribe, to Brasilia (March 7)
2003 – Visit of President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, to Medellin, at the time of the XIV Meeting of the Andean Presidential Council (June 27)
2004 – Meeting of Presidents at the First Business Round Brazil-Colombia (June 21)
2005 – Visit of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Leticia (January 19)
2005 – Visit of President Álvaro Uribeto Salvador, for the II World Coffee Conference (September 24)
2005 – Visit of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Bogota (December 14)
2006 – Visit of President Álvaro Uribe to Brasilia (April 25)
2007 – Agreement on the Facilitation to the Entry and Transit of their Nationals in their Territories
2008 – Visit of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Colombia-Bogotá and Leticia (July 19-20)
2008 – Protocol on Economic and Commercial Cooperation between Brazil and Colombia. Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation in Combating the Illicit Manufacture of and Traffick in Firearms, Ammunition, Accessories, Explosives, and Other Related Materials. Agreement on Cooperation in Defense Matters
2009 – Visit of President Álvaro Uribe to Brazil (February 16-17)
2009 – Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of the Brazil-Colombia Bilateral Commission
2009 – Presidential Meeting on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum for Latin America in Rio de Janeiro (April 15)
2009 – 1st Meeting of the Brazil-Colombia Bilateral Commission co-chaired by Chancellors in Cartagena (June 8)
2009 – 1st meeting of the Monitoring Committee of the Brazil-Colombia Bilateral Trade in Brasilia (June 19)
2009 – Visit of President Álvaro Uribe to Brazil-Brasilia (October 19)
2010 – Visit of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Colombia for the taking office of President Juan Manuel Santos (Bogota, August 7)
2010 – President Juan Manuel Santos visits Brasilia (September 1)
2010 – Agreement on Residence, Study and Work in Border Towns. Letter of Intent between Defense Ministries on the Program for the Production of KC-390Combat Aircraft. Cooperation Agreement between the Brazilian Federal Police and the Colombian National Police. Letter of Intent between Capes and the Colciências to foster cooperation between research groups
2011 – Visit of President Santos for the taking office of President Dilma Rousseff (Brasilia, January 1)
2012 – Brazil was the country honored at the 25th Bogota Book Fair
2012 – 14th Meeting of Neighborhood and Integration (Tabatinga, October 17-18)
2012 – Signed a cooperation agreement for the promotion of food security based on the Brazilian experience in acquisition of food from the family farm
2012 – The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Antonio de Aguiar Patriota, visits Bogotá and meets the Colombian Minister of Foreign Affairs, María Ángela Holguín Cuéllar, on the occasion of the 3rd Meeting of the Brazil-Colombia Bilateral Commission. Signature of Memorandum of Understanding between Brazil and Colombia, which restructures the Commission of Brazil-Colombia Neighborhood and integration (November 5) [Press Statement / Spanish]
2013 – 15th Meeting of Neighborhood and Integration (Leticia, October 21-23)
2014 – 16th Meeting of Neighborhood and Integration (Brasilia, September 23-24)
2015 – 17th Meeting of Neighborhood Integration Brazil-Colombia (Bogotá, August 25)
2016 – Travel of the President of the Republic to Colombia, on the occasion of the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Government of Colombia and the FARC (Cartagena, September 26)
2018 – Visit to Brazil of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Colombia, María Ángela Holguín, and of the Colombian Minister of National Defense, Luis Carlos Villegas (Brasilia, February 21) [Adopted acts / Portuguese]